Studies of the 21st century show that after the course of Propecia, the condition of the hairline in women has improved noticeably in 62% of the fair sex, and stabilized in 35%. Would you like to know whether the drug works for women as effective as men? Then, let's check this. Find out how Propecia works and whether it can be helpful for women or not.
Women suffering from androgenetic alopecia are in a difficult situation. Although, there are medicines that can mitigate the problem to a certain extent, doctors are afraid to prescribe them, as pharmaceutical companies do not particularly willingly test these drugs for the prevention and treatment of female pattern baldness. Therapists rarely advise their patients to use systemic therapy (tablets or other kinds of medications that affect the whole body), as they can change the androgen level throughout the body.
The drug Propecia based on finasteride suppresses the enzyme 5-alpha reductase in the hair follicle, thereby preventing the formation of harmful to him dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT compresses the hair follicles and makes it difficult for the healthy hair to survive in them. Finasteride was originally used under the trade name Proscar to treat the prostate and was available in the form of 5 mg tablets. In 1998, finasteride was sold on a 1-mg dose, which was named Propecia. This drug was the first drug approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat hair loss in men.
Finasteride helps to prevent the process of hair loss and causes the recovery of fallen hair in most men and some women. The hair follicle of women also contains five-alpha-reductase, but the male sex hormone in the female body is present in a much smaller amount, and DHT is formed less. Androgenetic alopecia in the weaker sex has a less pronounced clinical picture, affecting mainly the central areas of the head, the so-called parting.
On the lateral surfaces of a woman's head, thinning and hair loss is not so extensive, while in men baldness is more noticeable, as androgenetic alopecia are more prone to parietal and frontal areas of the head. This is explained by the fact that not all hair follicles are equally sensitive to male sex hormones, this indicator is strictly individual for each person, but it is in these zones that the most sensitive dihydrotestosterone follicles are located. Studies have shown that finasteride is not as effective in treating women as in treating men.
The best results can be achieved in the treatment of baldness in the initial stage, since long-lasting androgenetic alopecia can destroy a large number of hair follicles. The use of antiandrogen in hair loss, occurring for a relatively long period of time, will prevent further damage to the hair and may even contribute to the resumption of their growth from still living follicles in a state of sleep. If this treatment is stopped, the process of hair loss will resume if the androgen level is not controlled in any other way.
The misconceptions about the dangers of using finasteride for hair are associated with the well-known fact: the drug was officially approved by the FDA in the 90s. for the treatment of male alopecia. But then, the possibilities of propecia tablets have been studied, so limitations were established. Now, more productive solutions from the point of view of doctors for treatment of baldness are solutions, lotions with minoxidil and finasteride.
Finasteride is a drug that has good tolerability and few have side effects of any severity. The prohibition on the use of the drug by the representatives of the fair sex is relative. Strict contraindication is associated with pregnancy: there is a risk for the development of genitals with disorders in boys. Abstain from this treatment of baldness also follows, if you seek to conceive or do not protect yourself. In the absence of these conditions finasteride to women will only benefit. Of course, if a trichologist or another personal physician does not impose a ban on a medicine.
When using Propecia, approximately 2% of men may experience temporary side effects associated with sexual function, including erectile erectile dysfunction and problems with sexual desire. In women, such reactions are not observed. The remedy can cause irreversible effects in the development of the fetus. As a result, finasteride is not recommended for women of childbearing age. However, it can be successfully used after menopause, and women who cannot have children for medical reasons. Women take the drug strictly for medical reasons. To minimize the withdrawal syndrome, treatment should be carried out for at least one and a half years.
In patients with the alopecia in the problem area, the follicles have a different degree of dystrophy. The duration of the growth phase with the first degree of dystrophy is from ten months to a year, and in the case of third degree dystrophy, three, six months. Consequently, in the process of treatment, at least two hair changes take place, which is manifested in the worsening of the result, by some palliation. This is a normal process. You need to know about this before starting treatment so that you do not get depressed when faced with this effect. In other words, the treatment should be carried out until the hair becomes thicker.
Why on the packaging of the drug indicated that it is not suitable for women? On the Finasteride package, it is often said that the drug is not suitable for women. This is because the risk of the negative effect of this drug on the health of women is much higher than in men. Also, the remedy can cause irreversible effects in the development of the fetus. As a result, finasteride is not recommended for women of childbearing age. However, it can be successfully used after menopause, and women who cannot have children for medical reasons.
Doctors do not recommend taking this drug to pregnant women, as well as women who are going to become pregnant in the near future in order to avoid the birth of boys with malformations. Finasteride can lead to a mutation of male genital organs. Pregnant women should not be contacted with finasteride, since it can be absorbed through the skin and lead to severe deformations of the fetus.
Propecia can be used to treat baldness in women as well as in the treatment of male hair loss. However, Finasteride is not approved by the FDA for the treatment of female hair loss due to the risk of fetal mutation, however, this cannot affect women who cannot have children. In the treatment of female baldness with finasteride, it is necessary to simultaneously take birth control pills, as this can cause irregular menstrual cycles. The dosage of finasteride for women is 0.5 mg twice a day, for men this dose is increased to 1 mg.
In addition to treating female pattern baldness, finasteride can also be used to treat hirsutism. This is a condition in which some women suffer from excessive hair growth in areas such as face and body. For the treatment of hirsutism, Finasteride is taken in a 5 mg dose per day. Women of childbearing age and pregnant women should avoid contact with the drug, due to the fact that it has teratogenic properties (the ability to suppress the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone may disrupt the development of the genital organs in the male fetus), penetrates into the seminal fluid.